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Spanish research group Tecnalia has developed a cable-driven robot that can 3D print large parts and even small buildings on site.
Created in collaboration with the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC), the innovative technology fuses the latest advances in the field of robotics, digital manufacturing and 3D printing.
Known as Cogiro, the cable-driven robot produces customized parts and obtains information in real time about the status of a construction. This helps it to perfect the foundations when the thermal data on the drying status of the structure are obtained, thus avoiding superimposing layers of material on bases that are still fresh and not very stable.
According to Tecnalia’s engineers, the innovative system is based on a 15 x 11 x 6 m robot that has a built-in 3D printing machine with a work area of 13.6 x 9.4 x 3.3 m. It contains an extruder for clay material and will shortly have one for cement-based materials as well.
Though currently built for construction work, Cogiro could soon find its way into logistics, aeronautical, renewable energies, shipbuilding and nuclear sectors, as well as handle and automatically assemble large and small parts, apart from automating processes such as painting, inspection and monitoring.
According to the research team, the possibility of printing any part that has been modeled on computer beforehand constitutes a real change in the way production is conceived and also in the capabilities for customizing the final product.
Image, video credits and content: Tecnalia
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